'''Gertrude Franklin Horn Atherton''' (October 30, 1857 – June 14, 1948) was a prominent and prolific American author. Many of her novels are set in her home state, California. Her best-seller ''Black Oxen'' (1923) was made into a Black Oxen|silent movie of the same name
. In addition to novels, she wrote short stories, essays, and articles for magazines and newspapers on such issues as feminism, politics, and war. She was strong-willed, independent-minded, and sometimes controversial.